The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
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Journal Editors

Dr Rikke Ørngreen and Dr Karin Tweddell Levinsen 
Research LAB: IT and Learning Design, Department of Philosophy and Learning, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark

Rikke Dr Rikke Ørngreen is Professor at the ResearchLAB: IT and Learning Design, in the Department of Philosophy and Learning at Aalborg University. She is chairman of the study board: IT and Learning, and as such coordinator for the Master of Science in Information Technology, Specializing in ICT, Learning and Organizational Change. She is a member of several boards, has organized conferences, and acted as project leader for EU and research projects with companies. Rikke researches the design and use of educational learning processes and resources, which integrate digital and online technologies. Of particular interest are digital productions and video conferences, for teaching and learning, for collaboration and in competence development processes.

Levinsen-Karin-ECL-028 Dr Karin Levinsen 
is Associate Professor at the Department of Philosophy and Learning at Aalborg University, and a member of the Research Lab for ICT and Learning Design (ILD). She has been a member of the Ministry of Education advisory board for ICT and Learning in the Danish public school. She has participated in several research and development projects regarding Design for Learning and Video Conferencing, and is a member of the editorial group at the Journal for Design for Learning. She has worked on a range of national and European projects regarding distance learning – e.g. Lancelot on VC based language teaching. In addition to the research projects into Video Conferencing, Karin are right now participating in several larger project in relation to ICT and learning in the Danish public school funded by the Danish Ministry of Education.


Associate Editors

Kim Long

Dr. Kim Cliett Long serves as Director of Distance Learning/Assistant Professor of Organizational Management at Wiley College in Texas, USA - home of the “Great Debaters”. Dr. Long is an Organizational Management/Leadership and Distance Learning Specialist certified in Distance Education by the University of West Georgia. She is also a Certified Program Planner in the area of Learning Program Management by L.E.R.N. She serves as the coordinator for the Provost's Roundtable with the chief responsibility for creating and executing a monthly professional development program for new and junior faculty with an emphasis on technology integration in the classroom. Dr. Long’s research interests include servant leadership and distance education access for diverse and underserved learners.




Dr. Ken W. Li is a lecturer teaching Statistics and IT. He has been teaching in tertiary institutions in Australia, Canada and Hong Kong for many years. His current research areas are in the Use of IT in Education, Human-computer Interaction, and Computer Simulation. He has developed teaching models and instruments for assessing learning outcomes of students. He has published a textbook, book chapters, journal articles as well as conference papers.  He is a member of various paper reviewer panels, editorial boards of academic journals, as well as organizing committees of conferences and competitions.



Ken Currie Pic

Ken Currie spent over 30 years in AI research at Edinburgh, and Heriot-Watt where he spent 14 years as the key designer and developer of their massively successful global online MBA programme, and initiator of the distance undergraduate Management Programme. He left academia in 2007 to work with CAPDM, a distance learning specialist, to work with academia and professional associations on the development of their businesses in online education.  CAPDM have designed and developed many of the flagship UK online masters programmes. Ken is also a Director of Opus Learning, the wholly online, Scottish Qualifications Authority approved further education college.



Dr John Jessel is Reader and Head of the PhD Programme in the Department of Educational Studies at Goldsmiths, University of London.  His research interests focus on digital technologies and the development of ideas through the interactivity and connectivity they allow, and the social and cognitive processes that underlie learning both inside and outside of formal educational settings.


The Editor and the Associate Editors can be contacted at



Review Committee

  • Mohd Helmy Abd Wahab, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Malaysia
  • Leon Abdillah, Bina Darma Unversity, Indonesia
  • Prof. Buket Akkoyunlu, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
  • Dr Mohammed Ali akour, A'Sharqiyah University, Ibra, Oman
  • Anna-Sofia Alklind Taylor, University of Skovde, Skovde, Sweden
  • Naji AlQbailat, Al-Balqa Applied University (PAUC), Amman, Jordan
  • Prof. Paulo Alves, Polytechnic Institute of Braganza, Portugal
  • Prof. Antonios Andreatos, Hellenic Air Force Academy, Greece
  • Sara Archard, The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand
  • Prof. Ezendu Ariwa, University of Bedfordshire, UK
  • Ana Patricia Ayala Melendez, University of Toronto, Canada
  • Ana Azevedo, Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Portugal
  • Isabel Azevedo, ISEP/IPP, Porto, Portugal
  • Jannicke Baalsrud Hauge, Bremer Institut fuer Produktion und Logistik, Germany
  • Prof. Liz Bacon, University of Greenwich, UK
  • Dr Arunkumar Balakrishnan, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, India
  • Dr Cem Balcikanli, Gazi University, Turkey
  • Dr Dorit Barat, Kibbutzim College, Bar Ilan University, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Dr Wendy Barber, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada
  • Dr Ricardo Barcelos, IFF, Brazil
  • Dr Bob Barrett, American Public University, USA
  • Dr Danilo M Baylen, University of West Georgia, Carrollton, USA
  • Andrea Benn, University of Brighton, UK
  • Dr Yongmei Bently, University of Bedfordshire, UK
  • Glenn Blazek, Aerojet Rocketdyne, NASA Stennis Space Center, USA
  • Patricia Bluteau, Coventry University, UK
  • Dr Usha Borkar, Hansraj Jivandas College of Education, Mumbai, India
  • Dr Adele Botha, CSIR Meraka, Pretoria, South Africa
  • Dr Farida Bouarab-Dahmani , Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi Ouzou, Algeria
  • Dr Frances Boylan, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland
  • Dr Elizabeth Boyle, University of the West of Scotland, UK
  • Dr Tharrenos Bratitsis, University of Western Macedonia, Greece
  • Dr Julien Broisin, Institut de Recherche en Informatique de Toulouse, France
  • Dr Richard Bush, Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, UK
  • Dr Michelle Camilleri, University of Malta, Malta
  • Martin Capay, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Slovakia
  • Nicola Capuano, University of Salerno, , Italy
  • Dr Ines Casanovas, National Technological University
  • Dra Cornelia Castro, Portuguese Catholic University, Porto, Portugal
  • Dr Ivana Cechova, University of Defence, Brno, Czech Republic
  • Dr Maiga Chang, Athabasca University, Canada
  • Dr Felix Lip Yan Chao, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • Dr Arunangsu Chatterjee, Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK
  • Assistant Prof. Phaik Kin Cheah, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia
  • Neeranjan Chitare, Guru Nanak Institution, Nagpur, India
  • Dr Dickson K.W. Chiu, The University of Hong Kong
  • Dr Christopher Chua, Batangas State University, Philippines
  • Prof. Lucian Ciolan, University of Bucharest, Romania
  • David Comiskey, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, UK
  • Dr Vickie Cook, University of Illinois Springfield, Springfield, USA
  • Dr Susan Crichton, UBC, Kelowna, BC, Canada
  • Associate Prof. Harold John Culala, Far Eastern University, Manila, Philippines
  • Ken Currie, CAPDM Ltd., Edinburgh, UK
  • Nicki Dabner, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • Prof. Marthie De Kock, Da Vinci Institute, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Dr Mitja Decman, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Dr Ioannis Deliyannis, Ionian University, Corfu, Greece
  • Deshinta Arrova Dewi, INTI International University, Nilai, Malaysia
  • Dr Terry Diamanduros, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, USA
  • Dr Christo Dichev, WSSU, Winston Salem, USA
  • Dr Nuno Dominguinhos, FCUL, Lisbon, Portugal
  • Dr Martina A. Doolan, Univeristy of Hertfordshire, UK
  • Ronald Dyer, University of Liverpool, UK
  • Dr Martin Ebern, Graz University of Technology, Austria
  • Dr David Edgar, Caledonian Business School, Glasgow, UK
  • Dr Ramadam Eyyam, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Northern Cyprus
  • Dr Serenelli Fabio, Università di Milano-Bicocca, Italy
  • Dr Carlo Fabricatore, University of Worcester, UK
  • Mohammad Reza Farrokhnia, Shahid Rajaei Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
  • Panagiotis Fotaris, University of East London, UK
  • Cecile Gabarre, University Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Malaysia
  • Serge Gabarre, University Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Malaysia
  • Daniela Gachago, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa
  • Dr Grisel Garcia Perez, University of British Colombia's Okanagan Campus, Canada
  • Alessandra Giglio, Dalarna University, Sweden
  • Dr Marco Giuliani, University Polytechnic delle Marche, Italy
  • Dr Danny Glick, University Of Cailfornia, Irvine, USA
  • Dr Martin Hanneghan, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
  • Dr Rugayah Gy Hashim, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Said Hasibuan, IBI Darmajaya, Indonesia,
  • Thanos Hatziapostolou, University of Sheffield, CITY College, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Dr Stylianos Hatzipanagos, King's College London, UK
  • Dr Enosha Hettiarachchi, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • Dr Kim Hosler, University of Denver, Denver, USA
  • Alison Hramiak, Sheffield Hallam University, UK
  • Dr Isabel Hwang, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • Dr Eunice Ndeto Ivala, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa
  • Dr Antonin Jancarik, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
  • Dr Amanda Jefferies, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
  • Dr Paul Jones, Coventry University, UK
  • Dr Bill Ju, University of Toronto, Canada
  • Dr Nabi Bux Jumani,International Islamic University, Pakistan
  • Dr Billy Mathias Kalema, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa
  • Dr Yusniza Kamarulzaman, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Dr Olga Kandinskaia, Cyprus International Institute of Management (CIIM Business School), Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Prof. Charalampos Karagiannidis, University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Dr Anastasios Karakostas, Information Technologies Institute, Greece
  • Dr Andrea Kelz, University of Applied Sciences Burgenland, Austria
  • Kaido Kikkas, Estonian Information Technology College / Tallinn University, Tallin, Estonia
  • Dr Ferit Kilickaya, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Turkey
  • Dr Hae Yeon Kim, Chungbuk National University, Korea
  • Prof. Joseph Kush, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, USA
  • Dr, John Lacontora, Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA
  • Dr Yacine Lafifi, LabSTIC Laboratory, Guelma University, Guelma, France
  • Dr Jean Lai, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
  • Dr Mona Laroussi, INSAT, Tunisia
  • Alwyn Lau, SEGi University, Malaysia
  • Deirdre Lawless, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland
  • Dr Jonathan Lean, Plymouth University, UK
  • Dr Stella Lee, Paradox Learning Inc., Calgary, Canada
  • Prof. Pierpaolo Limone, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy
  • Prof. Ciolan Lucian Ion, University of Bucharest, Romania
  • Dr Karsten Lundqvist, University of Reading, UK
  • Leo F.H. MA, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • Gunver Majgaard, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  • Brenda Mallinson, Rhodes University, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Dr Stefania Manca, Institute of Educational Technology - National Research Council of Italy, Genova, Italy
  • Prof. Violeta Manevska, University St. Kliment Ohridski Bitola, Macedonia
  • Dr Jessica Mantei, University of Wollongong, Australia
  • Dr Susana Marchisio, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentina
  • Dr Ismail Marina, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia
  • Sofia Marques da Silva, Universit, Portugal
  • Prof. Tushar Marwaha, Shaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies, India
  • Dr Stephanos Mavromoustakos, University of Windsor, Canada
  • Dr Bruce Maxim, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI, USA
  • Associate Prof. Mark McMahon, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia
  • Bente Meyer, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Dr Elizabeth Monk, University of Dundee, UK
  • Vasanthi Muniasamy, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
  • Dr Antoinette Muntjewerff, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Dr Minoru Nakayama, CRADLE, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
  • Prof. Poornima Natajara, Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore, India
  • Dr Maria Nathan, Lynchburg College, USA
  • Dr Michaela Nettekoven, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria
  • Dr Karen Neville, University College Cork, Ireland
  • Dr Mathews Nkhoma, RMIT University Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • Dr Vuyisile Nkonki, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa
  • Susanna Nocchi, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland
  • Hasniza Nordin, Universiti Utara, Malaysia
  • Dr Daire OBroin, Carlow Institute of Technology, Ireland
  • Luciana Oliveira, ISCAP - School of Accounting and administration of Oporto, Porto, Portugal
  • Dr Alessandro Pagano, University of Bari, Italy
  • Prof. George Palaigeorgiou, University of Western Macedonia, Florina, USA
  • Vasileios Paliktzoglou, University of Eastern Finland
  • Jennifer Palilonis, Ball State University, Muncie, USA
  • Researcher Patrick Parslow, Reading University, UK
  • Jui Pattnayak, Raajdhani Engineering College, Bhubaneswar, India
  • Dr Marija Pavkov,Ekopid d.o.o., Croatia
  • Paul Peachey, University of South Wales, Pontypridd, UK
  • Dr Beth Perry, Athabasca University, Canada
  • Dr Donatella Persico, Institute for Educational Technology-National Research Council, Genova, Italy
  • Claudine Piau, Unversité du Maine, Le Mans-Laval, France
  • Prof. Floriana Popescu, Dunarea de Jos University, Galati, Romania
  • Dr Maria Magdalena Popescu, Carol I National Defence University, Bucharest, Romania
  • Dr Tamara Powell, Kennesaw State University, USA
  • Nrs Gisela Prey, University of Applied Sciences Munich, Germany
  • Anne Quinney, Bournemouth University, UK
  • Prof. Susannah Quinsee, City University, London, UK
  • Chandra Reka Ramchandiran, Taylor's University, Malaysia
  • Wilfres Sugumar Richards, Madras Christian College, India
  • Dr Juan Javier Rivera Andia, UAB, Spain
  • Dr Miguel Rodriguez-Artacho, Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, Madrid, Spain
  • Dr Margarida Romero, Universit Laval, Qubec, Canada
  • Dr Pauline Rooney, Dublin Institution of Technology, Ireland
  • Dr Eleni Rossiou, University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Paulina Rousseau, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Canada
  • Balasundaram Sadhu, national Institute of Technology, Thiruchirappalli, India
  • Dr Florin Salajan, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota, USA
  • Prof. Mark Saunders, University of Surrey School of Management. UK
  • Dr Sandro Serpa, University of the Azores, Ponta Delgada, Portugal
  • Prof. Zaffar Ahmed Shaikh, Benazir Bhutto Shaheed University Lyari, Pakistan
  • Angela Shapiro, Glasgow Caledonian University , UK
  • Prof. Rhona Sharpe, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK
  • Dr Khitam Shraim, Palestine Technical University, Kadoorie, Palestine
  • Prof. Charles Sigmund, University of Phoenix, Portland, USA
  • Dr Julie-Ann Sime, Lancaster University, UK
  • Dr Jane Sinclair, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
  • Dr Virpi Slotte, Kiinko - Real Estate Education, Finland
  • Dr Christine Smith, University Campus Suffolk, Ipswich, Suffolk, UK
  • Sonia Sousa, Universidade Alberta, Lisboa, Portugal
  • Mark Stansfield, University of Paisley, Glasgow, UK
  • Martin Steinicke, University of Applied Sciences HTW Berlin, Germany
  • Dr George Suciu, BEIA Consult International, Bucharest, Romania
  • Dr Stephen Tang, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
  • Dr Gainiya Tazhina, University of International Business, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • Prof. Mathura Thapliyal, HNB Garhwal University, India
  • Dr Daniela Trifan, Agricultural Research and Development Station of Braila, Romania
  • Prof. Thrasyvoulos Tsiatsos, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Dr Melih Turgut, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey
  • Annelien van Rooyen, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
  • Prof. Radu Vasiu, Politehnica University, Timisoara, Romania
  • Dr Giovanni Vincenti, University of Baltimore, USA
  • Prof. Denise Whitelock, The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
  • Prof. Robert J. Wierzbicki, University of Applied Sciences Mittweida, Germany
  • Annika Wiklund-Engblom, bo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland
  • Dr Koos Winnips, Groningen University, The Netherlands
  • Dr David Wong, University College London, UK
  • Dr Noeline Wright, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand
  • Dr Cuneyt Yenigun, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
  • Dr Roxine Zaghab, University of Maryland, USA
  • Prof. Yassine Zaoui Seghroucheni, Faculty of sciences, Tetouan, Morocco