The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
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Journal Article

An innovative research on the usage of facebook in the higher education context of Hong Kong  pp378-386

Louis Lam

© Oct 2012 Volume 10 Issue 4, ICEL 2012, Editor: Paul Lam, pp360 - 440

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Abstract

Teaching and learning is undergoing a dramatic change due to the advancement in telecommunication and IT. Increasingly, Online learning platform is playing an important role higher education. The maturity of Internet and emergence of various cloud services catalyse the development of these platforms and student learning behaviour. An example is Facebook, online social network sites, which changes the interaction, communication and interrelation of students and their daily life. There is a growing trend that people participate in Facebook. Given there is discussion forum provided by online learning platforms, students get used to communicate on Facebook. The phenomenon enables teachers to think whether Facebook can be incorporated in teaching so as to facilitate student learning. Past research on online social network sites evidence that there are a number of benefits including the improved student participation, social relationship, interaction, communication and facilitation. However, seldom studies try to consolidate these benefits and examine simultaneously against the overall learning motivation. This study attempts to develop a model of student motivation in learning with four Face book benefits : (1) Interaction , (2) Communication , (3) Social relationship , (4) Participation. The students of the School of Continuing and Professional Studies (SCS), The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), studying Hi‑Diploma Programme, are invited to participate in this study. A survey was conducted to examine how these Facebook benefits relate to student motivation in learning. The results revealed that Interrelationship, Communication, Social relationship, and Participation influence significantly on student learning motivation. The results show teachers how Facebook benefits improve student learning motivation. The study also tries to explore some demographic trend in related to student Facebook usage.

 

Keywords: student motivation, online social network site, Facebook, online learning platform

 

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Journal Article

Mitigating the Mathematical Knowledge gap Between High School and First Year University Chemical Engineering Mathematics Course  pp68-83

Moses Basitere, Eunice Ivala

© Feb 2015 Volume 13 Issue 2, ICEL2014, Editor: Paul Griffiths, pp57 - 148

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Abstract

Abstract: This paper reports on a study carried out at a University of Technology, South Africa, aimed at identifying the existence of the mathematical knowledge gap and evaluating the intervention designed to bridge the knowledge gap amongst students stu dying first year mathematics at the Chemical Engineering Extended Curriculum Program (ECP). In this study, a pre‑test was used as a diagnostic test to test incoming Chemical Engineering students, with the aim of identifying the mathematical knowledge ga p, and to provide students with support in their starting level of mathematical knowledge and skills. After the diagnostic test, an intervention called the autumn school was organized to provide support to bridge the mathematical knowledge gap identified. A closed Facebook group served as a platform for providing student support after school hours. After the autumn school, a post‑test was administered to measure whether there was an improvement in the knowledge gap. Both quantitative and qualitative metho ds of collecting data were used in this study. A pre‑test was used to identify the mathematical knowledge gap, while a post‑test was employed to measure whether there was a decrease in the knowledge gap after the intervention. Focus group interviews were carried out with the students to elicit their opinions on whether the intervention was of any help for them. Students participation on Facebook in terms of student post, post comments and likes and an evaluation of students academic performance in comp arison to their Facebook individual participation was also conducted. Quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics, while qualitative data was analysed using inductive strategy. Results showed that all the students in this study had the mat hematical knowledge gap as no student in the class scored 50% on the overall pre‑test. Findings further revealed that the intervention played a major role in alleviating the mathematical knowledge gap from some of the students (with 1/3 of the students s coring 50% and above in the post‑test) and no positive correlation between students academic performance on the post‑test and students participation in the Facebook group was noted. We hope that insights generated in this study will be of help to other institutions looking into designing interventions for bridging the knowledge gap. Reasons for lack of improvement in the knowledge gap of 2/3 of the students in this class will be highlighted.

 

Keywords: Keywords: knowledge gap, extended curriculum program, descriptive statistics, inductive strategy, diagnostic test, autumn school, Facebook closed group

 

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Journal Article

Social Media for Learning and Teaching Undergraduate Sciences: Good Practice Guidelines from Intervention  pp431-441

Jyothi Thalluri, Joy Penman

© Dec 2015 Volume 13 Issue 6, ICEL 2015, Editor: Pandora Johnson, pp429 - 474

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Abstract

Abstract: In 2013, Facebook was used in learning and teaching clinical problem solving in a Pathology and a Clinical Sciences course delivered at a South Australian university. It involved first‑ and second‑year Medical Radiation students and second‑year Nursing students, Of the 152 students enrolled in the Pathology course, there were 148 students who participated in the Facebook group. Of the 148 students, 61 (41%) completed the invited post‑intervention questionnaire. At the same time, all 17 nursin g students enrolled in a science course at the regional campus of the same university participated in the Facebook initiative, however, only 10 (59%) completed the post‑intervention questionnaire. A good practice and checklist were developed from the p ost‑intervention evaluations, which consisted of 25 Likert‑ and open‑type questions. Both student cohorts found the use of Facebook beneficial for them in terms of providing an innovative way of learning; fostering greater interaction amongst co‑students and staff; and effectively engaging them with the content of courses. The importance of clear communication of goals and objectives to students was identified from student comments. Six good practice principles were identified relating to: goals and objec tives, expectations, communication, engagement with the course content, active participation, and learning environment.

 

Keywords: Keywords: Facebook, social media, medical radiation, nursing, guidelines for good practice, engagement

 

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Journal Article

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the use of Multimedia and Wiley Plus Web‑Based Homework System in Enhancing Learning in The Chemical Engineering Extended Curriculum Program Physics Course  pp156-173

Moses Basitere, Eunice Ndeto Ivala

© May 2017 Volume 15 Issue 2, Editor: Rikke Ørngreen and Karin Levinsen, pp105 - 198

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Abstract

Today’s 21st century students are regarded as ‘digital natives’, who are influenced by digital environments for acquisition of information, communication and interaction. With the emergence of new technologies, educators are encouraged to find meaningful ways of incorporating these technologies into their classrooms. The practice currently in South African classrooms is still the traditional lecture method, which poses limitations on students’ learning due to its frequent lack of interaction and communication between students and educators. As a result, there is a need for educators to adjust their teaching methods and create learning environments that stimulate dialogue and engagement in and outside the classroom. This paper presents results of an evaluation of the effectiveness of the use of Facebook social media as communicative media, Clicker technology as an interactive medium, and Wiley Plus web‑based homework system as an adaptive medium for enhancing learning through interaction and dialogue activities in and outside the first year Physics classroom as described in Laurilland’s framework. Both quantitative and qualitative methods of collecting data were used in this study. A student feedback questionnaire and focus group interviews were carried out to elicit students’ opinions on the effectiveness of the use of these technologies in the first year introductory Engineering Physics course. Quantitative data on student performance was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics, while qualitative data was analysed using inductive strategy. Results showed that the use of Clickers and Facebook facilitated interactions between students and their teacher, in and outside the classroom, which resulted in deep and meaningful collaborative learning of the subject content. This resulted in better student performance in the homework and assignments done on the Wiley Plus web‑based homework system, which may have contributed to the good performance of the students in both mid‑term Examination and Final integrated Summative Assessment (FISA).

 

Keywords: Clicker technology, Facebook, and Wiley Plus, Web-based homework

 

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Journal Article

Highlighting E‑learning Adoption Challenges using data Analysis Techniques: University of Kufa as a Case Study  pp136-149

Ammar J. M. Karkar, Hayder K. Fatlawi, Ahmed A. Al-Jobouri

© Feb 2020 Volume 18 Issue 2, Editor: Heinrich Söbke and Marija Cubric, pp114 - 161

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Abstract

Electronic learning (e‑learning) plays a significant role in improving the efficiency of the education process. However, in many cases in developing countries, technology transfer without consideration of technology acceptance factors has limited the impact of e‑learning and the expected outcome of the education process. Therefore, this shift in learning method has been met with low enthusiasm from academic staff and students owing to its low perceived usefulness and perceived ease‑of‑use. The University of Kufa (UoK) in Iraq is considered a good case study because it has implemented the e‑learning platform since 2013. The UoK platform is based on open‑source Moodle owing to the latter’s advantages, such as low implementation cost, open community for support and continuous update and development. To identify and evaluate the challenges, this study uses a questionnaire survey that targets the level of adoption, implementation, familiarity and technology acceptance of staff and students. A total of 242 educators participate in the survey, and the data are subsequently analysed. Important information is extracted using data mining techniques, namely clustering and decision trees. One of the main crucial factors extracted from the analysis results is the perception that social media is easier to use compared with a dedicated e‑learning platform such as Moodle. This factor may also discourage educators/learners from adopting an offered e‑learning platform, regardless of actual usefulness, motivation and training programs. Therefore, this paper offers practical information regarding the main issues and a guideline to fully utilise e‑learning for policy makers and e‑learning developers, particularly in newly established institutions or developing countries.

 

Keywords: e-learning, technology acceptance model, Educational data mining, Moodle, social media, Facebook, clustering, decision trees

 

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Journal Article

Constructive Disruptions for Effective Collaborative Learning: Navigating the Affordances of Social Media for Meaningful Engagement  pp132-146

Patient Rambe

© Mar 2012 Volume 10 Issue 1, ICEL 2011, Editor: Philip Balcean, pp1 - 158

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Abstract

The essentialist view that new technological innovations (especially Social Media) disrupt higher education delivery ride on educators’ risk averse attitudes toward full scale adoption of unproven technologies. However, this unsubstantiated logic forecloses possibilities for embracing the constructive dimensions of disruptions, and grasping the tremendous academic potential of emerging technologies. Community of inquiry and virtual ethnography were adopted as theoretical and methodological lenses for exploring the productive pedagogical impacts of appropriating Social Media in an Information Systems course at a South African University. Lecturer‑student and peer‑based postings on Facebook were examined to understand the influence of Facebook adoption on student meaningful learning and pedagogical delivery. The findings suggest that Facebook constituted a collective “Third space” for student enactment of counter scripts, augmented traditional academic networking, fostered “safe” havens for student democratic expression, and afforded learning communities for student co‑construction of knowledge. Shortfalls identified include challenges of developing quality academic discussions and fostering student engagement at epistemological and conceptual levels to ensure deep learning. The study recommends a multi‑pronged strategy that foregrounds contingent relaxation of academic authority, on‑task student behavior, strategic alignment of powerful collaborative technologies with pedagogical designs, and learning needs and styles of students.

 

Keywords: Facebook, constructive disruptions, disruptive technology, meaningful engagement

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 15 Issue 2 / May 2017  pp105‑198

Editor: Rikke Ørngreen, Karin Levinsen

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Keywords: active learning, higher education, student learning, student engagement, online course design and development, interdisciplinary collaboration, frustrations, TESL students’ perceptions, hypermedia reading materials, reading comprehension, virtual containers, STEAM, Open Educational Resources, content distribution platforms, e-learning platform, foreign languages, multilingualism, idiomatic competence, e-learning; global health education; connectivity; bandwidth management; capacity building; educational technologies, Clicker technology, Facebook, and Wiley Plus, Web-based homework, behavioral intention, cognitive load, germane load, e-learning, instructional design, MOOC, online community, Computer Mediated Communication (CMC), Communities of Practice (CoPs), nonverbal communication

 

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Journal Issue

Volume 18 Issue 2 / Feb 2020  pp114‑161

Editor: Heinrich Söbke, Marija Cubric

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Keywords: Blended learning; constructivism, behaviourism, objectivism, learning theory, context, feedback, peer feedback, peer review, discussion boards, learner-learner interaction, formative assessment, MOOC, e-learning, technology acceptance model, Educational data mining, Moodle, social media, Facebook, clustering, decision trees

 

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