The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
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Journal Article

Personal Devices in Public Settings: Lessons Learned From an iPod Touch / iPad Project  pp23-31

Susan Crichton, Karen Pegler, Duncan White

© Mar 2012 Volume 10 Issue 1, ICEL 2011, Editor: Philip Balcean, pp1 - 158

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Abstract

Our paper reports findings from a two‑phase deployment of iPod Touch and iPad devices in a large, urban Canadian school board. The purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of the infrastructure required to support handheld devices in classrooms; the opportunities and challenges teachers face as they begin to use handheld devices for teaching and learning; and the opportunities, challenges and temptations students face when gaining access to handheld devices and wireless networks in K – 12 schools. A mixed method approach was used: online survey, monthly professional development activities with teachers, collected samples of lesson plans and student work, and regular classroom observations. Phase 1 findings (exploring only the use of the iPod Touch devices) suggest participants (students, teachers, and IT support staff) preferred a range of devices for a variety of commonplace tasks. They indicated they would select the iPod Touch for recording voices / sounds, listening to podcasts, and playing games. They preferred a laptop for searching the Internet, creating media, and checking email, and they selected paper or traditional options for drawing, reading, and tracking work / maintaining an agenda. Sixty percent had never used the device prior to the project. Despite that surprising finding, 70% of respondents felt it took less than hour to become familiar with it. However, this question did not probe comfort levels with the syncing / charging, iTunes’ account management side of use, and herein lay a challenge. In order to use personal devices in school settings, the school / district needed to create a common iTUNEs account and dedicate a computer to sync, share, and organize applications (apps), content, and system settings. This common account formed a “digital commons” of sorts; a place where participants had to negotiate what apps to share and permissions and access protocols. Participation in the commons required an ongoing exploration of what digital citizenship meant in classrooms and how this impacted teacher’s work, parental responsibility and changes in disciplinary approaches for administrators. Year 1 of Phase 1 yielded a wealth of data. Specifically, the iPod Touch devices were well received and well used by the majority of participants in the elementary and junior high settings. The high school students and teachers were more critical, as both appeared to struggle to find educational uses for the devices. Further, high school students initially appeared to “resent” the intrusion of school issued personal devices. Phase 2 continued to work with the Phase 1 participants and added the deployment of the iPad devices in three additional schools. Probably the most interesting finding was the lack of familiarity of these devices by all the participants. We anticipated many would have owned similar devices and be proficient in their use – this was not the case.

 

Keywords: mobile technology, personal devices, digital citizenship, ICT deployment, ICT infrastructure

 

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Journal Article

Factors Influencing the Adoption of e‑Learning in an Open and Distance Learning Institution of Pakistan  pp148-158

Moiz Uddin Ahmed, Shahid Hussain, Shahid Farid

© Oct 2018 Volume 16 Issue 2, Editor: Rikke Ørngreen and Heinrich Söbke, pp79 - 160

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Abstract

The revolution in technology has led to new approaches toward open and distance learning, particularly in the form of e‑learning. E‑learning governs the system of modern education by using Information and Communication Technology (ICT). There are different design approaches and interpretations of e‑learning, primarily involving variations in instructional strategies and pedagogical models employed with the technology. These innovations offer compelling opportunities to educational institutions, students and faculty alike, yet they have also posed formidable challenges for e‑learning. This is especially the case in the developing countries. This paper engages the concept and aims of e‑learning with regard to the issues in the developing countries. The next part of the paper presents the need of e‑learning in Pakistan and describes the major institutes offering e‑learning and distance education as an alternate mode of education. The paper also elaborates major challenges of e‑learning and explores the influencing factors for the adoption of e‑learning in Pakistan. The important factors are investigated in terms of available ICT infrastructure and other country specific parameters. The paper also presents results of a survey that was conducted to evaluate students’ preferences regarding e‑learning. The survey result demonstrates a strong preference for e‑learning by the students. The paper concludes by presenting a generalized model of e‑learning that can fulfill the needs of leaners under available technology infrastructure.

 

Keywords: E-learning, open and distance learning, Information and Communication Technology, Pedagogy, factors, infrastructure

 

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