The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
For general enquiries email
Click here to see other Scholarly Electronic Journals published by API
For a range of research text books on this and complimentary topics visit the Academic Bookshop

Information about the current European Conference on e-Learning is available here

For infomation on the European Conference on Games Based Learning clickhere

SCImago Journal & Country Rank
Journal Issue
Volume 17 Issue 3 / Sep 2019  pp173‑235

Editor: Melanie Ciussi, Margarida Romero

Download PDF (free)

A Participatory Co‑creation Model to Drive Community Engagement in Rural Indigenous Schools: A Case Study in Sarawak  pp173‑183

Jacey-Lynn Minoi, Fitri Mohamad, Sylvester Arnab, John Phoa, L. Morini, J. Beaufoy, T. Lim, S. Clarke

Look inside Download PDF (free)


This paper presents the formulated ‘play‑to‑engage’ model for indigenous community engagement that incorporates factors in cultural protocols and game design thinking. The hybrid model of the participatory co‑creation model was formulated in the study that had been rolled out in two rural primary schools in West Borneo. These schools are located in remote villages, away from urban amenities, and technological affordances and resources are limited. There are more than twenty culturally‑diversed indigenous tribes in Borneo. Although it is a known fact that indigenous cultures, including those in Borneo, have many cultural protocols and distinctive custom practices, it is still a challenge for researchers who work with such communities to understand, adhere to and follow the cultural protocols. The model looks at incorporating gameplay and culture protocols to drive community engagement. Since play is universal, the creation of a trustworthy partnership between the community and researchers was established through the use of play during the engagement process. Narratives captured in the study represented reflection, problem solving and creativity in the interactions with the indigenous communities, based on the developed indicators of the ‘play‑to‑engage’ model. 


Keywords: play-to-engage, participatory co-creation, indigenous community engagement, culture


Share |
Co‑Creativity through Play and Game Design Thinking  pp184‑198

Sylvester Arnab, Samantha Clarke, Luca Morini

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Assessment of Co‑Creativity in the Process of Game Design  pp199‑206

Margarida Romero, Sylvester Arnab, Cindy De Smet, Fitri Mohamad, Jacey-Lynn Minoi, L. Morini

Look inside Download PDF (free)

The Gameplay Loop Methodology as a Tool for Educational Game Design  pp207‑221

André Czauderna, Emmanuel Guardiola

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Educating for co‑Production of Community‑Driven Knowledge  pp222‑233

Rikke Magnussen, Villads Dalby Hamann, Anne Gro Stensgaard

Look inside Download PDF (free)

EJEL Editorial for Volume 17 Issue 3 September 2019  pp234‑235

Margarido Romero, Melanie Cuissi

Look inside Download PDF (free)