The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
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Journal Issue
Volume 18 Issue 2 / Feb 2020  pp114‑206

Editor: Heinrich Söbke, Marija Cubric

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Towards a New Definition of Blended Learning  pp114‑121

Johannes Cronje

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Peer Feedback in Learner‑Learner Interaction Practices. Mixed Methods Study on an xMOOC  pp122‑135

Josemaria Elizondo-Garcia, Katherina Gallardo

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Highlighting E‑learning Adoption Challenges using data Analysis Techniques: University of Kufa as a Case Study  pp136‑149

Ammar J. M. Karkar, Hayder K. Fatlawi, Ahmed A. Al-Jobouri

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e‑Learning Challenges Faced by Universities in Kenya: A Literature Review  pp150‑161

Rachael Njeri Kibuku, Prof. Daniel Orwa Ochieng, Prof. Agnes Nduku Wausi

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Some institutions of higher education in Kenya have adopted e‑Learning with the aim of coping with the increased demand for university education and to widen access to university training and education. Though there are advantages that accrue from adopting e‑Learning; its implementation and provision has not been smooth sailing. It has had to contend with certain national, organisational, technical and social challenges that undermine its successful implementation. This paper therefore aims to present a literature review of the challenges faced in the implementation and provision of e‑Learning in universities in Kenya. The scoping review method was used to identify and analyze the literature of the e‑Learning challenges. Some of the challenges revealed include: lack of adequate e‑Learning policies, inadequate Information and Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure, the ever evolving technologies, lack of technical and pedagogical competencies and training for e‑tutors and e‑learners, lack of an e‑Learning theory to underpin the e‑Learning practice, budgetary constraints and sustainability issues, negative perceptions towards e‑Learning, quality issues, domination of e‑Learning aims by technology and market forces and lack of collaboration among the e‑Learning participants. These challenges need to be addressed to minimise their impact on implementation and delivery of e‑Learning initiatives in institutions of higher education in Kenya. This analysis of the e‑Learning challenges forms the basis for the ongoing research that seeks to explore and establish possible strategies to address some of these challenges. 


Keywords: ICT, Distance Education (DE), e-Learning, e-Learning Challenges and Kenya


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Teaching and Instructional Design Approaches to Enhance Students’ Self‑Directed Learning in Blended Learning Environments  pp162‑174

Dina Adinda, Najoua Mohib

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The Impact of Computer Self Efficacy on Student Engagement and Group Satisfaction in Online Business Courses  pp175‑188

Colleen Carraher Wolverton, Brandi N. Guidry Hollier, Patricia A. Lanier

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A Conceptual Model for Effective Quality Management of Online and Blended Learning  pp189‑204

Yves Blieck, Chang Zhu, Kim Schildkamp, Katrien Struyven, Bram Pynoo, Cindy L. Poortman, Koen Depryck

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Editorial for EJEL Volume 18 Issue 2  pp205‑206

Heinrich Söbke, Maria Cubric.

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