The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
For general enquiries email
Click here to see other Scholarly Electronic Journals published by API
For a range of research text books on this and complimentary topics visit the Academic Bookshop

Information about the current European Conference on e-Learning is available here

For infomation on the European Conference on Games Based Learning clickhere

SCImago Journal & Country Rank
Journal Issue
Volume 18 Issue 2 / Feb 2020  pp114‑206

Editor: Heinrich Söbke, Marija Cubric

Download PDF (free)

Towards a New Definition of Blended Learning  pp114‑121

Johannes Cronje

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Peer Feedback in Learner‑Learner Interaction Practices. Mixed Methods Study on an xMOOC  pp122‑135

Josemaria Elizondo-Garcia, Katherina Gallardo

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Highlighting E‑learning Adoption Challenges using data Analysis Techniques: University of Kufa as a Case Study  pp136‑149

Ammar J. M. Karkar, Hayder K. Fatlawi, Ahmed A. Al-Jobouri

Look inside Download PDF (free)

e‑Learning Challenges Faced by Universities in Kenya: A Literature Review  pp150‑161

Rachael Njeri Kibuku, Prof. Daniel Orwa Ochieng, Prof. Agnes Nduku Wausi

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Teaching and Instructional Design Approaches to Enhance Students’ Self‑Directed Learning in Blended Learning Environments  pp162‑174

Dina Adinda, Najoua Mohib

Look inside Download PDF (free)


Thanks to the combination of face‑to‑face and online learning which involve the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), blended learning has become a popular approach to support learning in higher education. The main purpose of this study is to identify the teaching and instructional design approaches adopted by lecturers within blended learning environments, and to analyse their effects on students’ self‑directed learning. The sample involves 18 lecturers and their undergraduate students (n= 294) undertaking a blended course in one French university. This research utilised a mixed method approach for data collection, including questionnaires and observations. Firstly, lecturers were invited to declare their teaching approaches and the configuration of their blended learning environments by completing two online questionnaires. Secondly, both face‑to‑face and online observations were conducted with the lecturers to identify the specificity of their instructional design activities. A pre‑post questionnaire was also used to measure students’ self‑directed learning level. Data collection took place over a period of 6 months during the academic year 2017‑2018. The results show that lecturers who adopt student‑centred teaching approaches are not necessarily designing their blended learning courses as a student‑centred learning environment. Also, the results reveal that students' self‑directed learning is significantly developed only in three out of seven student‑centred blended learning courses. Additionally, the results show that lecturers of the students who improved their self‑directed level provided online peer review and online forum discussion activities. The findings indicate that further research is needed both to validate the direct relationship between these kinds of pedagogical activities and the self‑directed learning, and to determine how blended learning environments can better support collaboration and interaction. 


Keywords: Blended learning, teaching approaches, instructional design, self-directed learning, undergraduate students, online discussion forum


Share |
The Impact of Computer Self Efficacy on Student Engagement and Group Satisfaction in Online Business Courses  pp175‑188

Colleen Carraher Wolverton, Brandi N. Guidry Hollier, Patricia A. Lanier

Look inside Download PDF (free)

A Conceptual Model for Effective Quality Management of Online and Blended Learning  pp189‑204

Yves Blieck, Chang Zhu, Kim Schildkamp, Katrien Struyven, Bram Pynoo, Cindy L. Poortman, Koen Depryck

Look inside Download PDF (free)

Editorial for EJEL Volume 18 Issue 2  pp205‑206

Heinrich Söbke, Maria Cubric.

Look inside Download PDF (free)