The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
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Journal Issue
Volume 7 Issue 2 / Jun 2009  pp85‑190

Editor: Shirley Williams

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Mobile City and Language Guides — New Links Between Formal and Informal Learning Environments  pp85‑92

Mads Bo-Kristensen, Niels Ole Ankerstjerne, Chresteria Neutzsky-Wulff, Herluf Schelde

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Some Factors to Consider When Designing Semi‑Autonomous Learning Environments  pp93‑100

Paul Bouchard

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Game Inspired Tool Support for e‑Learning Processes  pp101‑110

Marie-Thérèse Charles, David Bustard, Michaela Black

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Web 2.0‑Mediated Competence — Implicit Educational Demands on Learners  pp111‑118

Nina Bonderup Dohn

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Listening to the Learners' Voices in HE: how do Students Reflect on their use of Technology for Learning?  pp119‑126

Amanda Jefferies, Ruth Hyde

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Learning Objects and Virtual Learning Environments Technical Evaluation Criteria  pp127‑136

Eugenijus Kurilovas, Valentina Dagiene

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The Enhancement of Reusability of Course Content and Scenarios in Unified e‑Learning Environment for Schools  pp137‑146

Virginija Limanauskiene, Vytautas Stuikys

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Strategies for Embedding e‑Learning in Traditional Universities: Drivers and Barriers  pp147‑154

Kay MacKeogh, Seamus Fox

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The Identification of Key Issues in the Development of Sustainable e‑Learning and Virtual Campus Initiatives  pp155‑164

Mark Stansfield, Thomas Connolly, Antonio Cartelli, Athanassios Jimoyiannis, Hugo Magalhães, Katherine Maillet

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Adoption of Web 2.0 Technologies in Education for Health Professionals in the UK: Where are we and why?  pp165‑172

Rod Ward, Pam Moule, Lesley Lockyer

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How Reproducible Research Leads to Non‑Rote Learning Within Socially Constructivist Statistics Education  pp173‑182

Patrick Wessa

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The Implications of SCORM Conformance for Workplace e‑Learning  pp183‑190

Gabrielle Witthaus

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This paper explores the impact that SCORM conformance has had on workplace e‑learning. The author describes a project in which she was requested to "repurpose" some materials that had originally been designed for the face‑to‑face teaching of English as a Foreign Language, into SCORM conformant e‑learning materials. The rationale for this request was that the training centre management wanted to track learners' progress via a Learning Management System (LMS). However, in order to integrate SCORM‑conformant tracking functionality into the programmes, the learning materials would have to have been stripped of all the collaborative, productive and communicative aspects of their pedagogy. The learning designers and training centre management had to engage in a steep learning curve to find an alternative solution that was both pedagogically sound and administratively efficient. This anecdote highlights some of the challenges facing the corporate sector in terms of the management of e‑learning content. To put the issues into context, the paper gives an overview of SCORM, and defines some related terminology — Sharable Content Objects (SCOs), LMS and Learning Content Management System (LCMS). SCORM conformance has two main aims: the ability to deliver content on any Learning Management System, and the ability to track learners' actions and scores when they use the materials. It is argued that, while the higher education sector has chosen to emphasise the first aim, focusing more on the development of stimulating learning content that can be shared across disciplines and across institutions, the corporate sector has emphasised the second aim, focusing more on tracking learners' progress through learning programmes. It is suggested that this is one of the explanations for the continued proliferation of relatively rigid, behaviourist style teaching materials for workplace e‑learning. This instructivist style pedagogical model is considered in relation to the military and programming origins of SCORM, and a number of more innovative approaches to workplace e‑learning from the recent literature are discussed. The paper concludes by arguing that, for corporate e‑learning programmes to be successful, all stakeholders need to be included in the strategic decisions, and all stakeholders need to engage in a learning process to understand each others' points of view and explore the available options and their consequences. This study will be of value to anyone who needs to develop SCORM conformant courses, as well as managers who are charged with overseeing such projects, or developing an organisational training strategy involving an LMSLCMS. 


Keywords: learning design, SCORM conformance, LMS, LCMS, learning objects, e-learning 2.0


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