The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
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Journal Issue
Volume 7 Issue 3, Special ICEL 2009 Issue / Dec 2009  pp191‑316

Editor: Florin Salajan, Avi Hyman

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Investigating a Nigerian XXL‑Cohort Wiki‑Learning Experience: Observation, Feedback and Reflection  pp191‑202

Peter Aborisade

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Weblogs in Higher Education — why do Students (not) Blog?  pp203‑214

Monika Andergassen, Reinhold Behringer, Janet Finlay, Andrea Gorra, David Moore

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GEARS a 3D Virtual Learning Environment and Virtual Social and Educational World Used in Online Secondary Schools  pp215‑224

Jonathan Barkand, Joseph Kush

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Moving From Analogue to High Definition e‑Tools to Support Empowering Social Learning Approaches  pp225‑238

Paula Charbonneau-Gowdyand, Ivana Cechova

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Efficacy of Teaching Clinical Clerks and Residents how to Fill out the Form 1 of the Mental Health Act Using an e‑Learning Module  pp239‑246

Sarah Garside, Anthony Levinson, Sophie Kuziora, Michael Bay, Geoffrey

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Blended Learning in the Visual Communications Classroom: Student Reflections on a Multimedia Course  pp247‑256

Jennifer George-Palilonis, Vincent Filak

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Podcasting to Support Students Using a Business Simulation  pp257‑264

Andrea Gorra, Janet Finlay

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e‑Modeling — Helping Learners to Develop Sound e‑Learning Behaviours  pp265‑272

Susan Greener

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Measuring the Effectiveness of Educational Technology: what are we Attempting to Measure?  pp273‑280

Jodie Jenkinson

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Eating Your Lectures and Having Them too: is Online Lecture Availability Especially Helpful in "Skills‑Based" Courses?  pp281‑288

Steve Joordens, Ada Le, Raymond Grinnell, Sophie Chrysostomou

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When Knowing More Means Knowing Less: Understanding the Impact of Computer Experience on e‑Learning and e‑Learning Outcomes  pp289‑300

Lena Paulo Kushnir

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Students often report feeling more overloaded in courses that use e‑learning environments compared to traditional face‑to‑face courses that do not use such environments. Discussions here consider online design and organizational factors that might contribute to students' reports of information overload. It was predicted that certain online factors might contribute to stimulus overload and possibly students' perceived overload, rather than information overload per se. User characteristics and a range of design and organizational factors that might contribute to perceived overload are discussed and hypotheses of how such factors might affect learning outcomes are also discussed. An experiment was conducted to test predictions that (i) students' past online experience, (ii) the organization and relevance of online information, and (iii) the level of task difficulty affect (i) learning outcomes, (ii) students' perceptions of information overload, and (iii) students' perceptions of having enough time to complete experimental tasks. A total of 187 participants were tested in four experimental conditions that manipulated the organization and relevance of online material that students had to learn (ie, (i) a stimulus‑low environment, where the material to be learned was presented as scrolling text, with no other stimuli present; (ii) a familiar environment, where the material to be learned was set within the borders of a familiar course Web site; (iii) a stimulus‑rich or stimulus‑ noisy environment, where the material to be learned was set within the borders of an Web page (a Web site where you can search for, and buy books, videos and other products online); (iv) a PDF file environment, where the material to be learned was presented as a PDF file that resembled an online duplicate of the same material in the course textbook). Findings suggested that overly busy online environments that contain irrelevant information (ie, stimulus‑rich or stimulus‑noisy online environment) had a negative impact on learning for students ranked "high" on experience with e‑learning technologies, but no impact on learning for other students (as measured by a knowledge test of material studied during experimental sessions). There is no doubt that online environments contain vast amounts of information and stimuli; often some of which are irrelevant and distracting. How one handles irrelevant or distracting information and stimuli can have a significant impact on learning. Surprisingly, results here suggest that overload affected only experienced students. Perceptual load hypotheses are discussed to explain what initially seemed to be counterintuitive results. This paper examines literature that considers factors that can affect learning online, strategies for how teachers can ensure positive outcomes for the technology‑based classroom, and strategies for avoiding online pitfalls that might leave students frustrated or burdened with feelings of overload. 


Keywords: learning outcomes overload perceptual load design and organizational factors of e-learning interface design instructional design user experience task difficulty


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A Novel Interactive Online Module in a Traditional Curriculum through a Blended Learning Approach  pp301‑308

Leslie Laing Gibbard, Florin Salajan

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Development of the Novel e‑Learning System, "SPES NOVA" (Scalable Personality‑Adapted Education System with Networking of Views and Activities)  pp309‑316

Ken Takeuchi, Manabu Murakami, Atsushi Kato, Ryuichi Akiyama, Hirotaka Honda, Hajime Nozawa, Ki-ichiro Sato

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