The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
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Journal Issue
Volume 8 Issue 2, ECEL 2009 / Mar 2010  pp51‑208

Editor: Shirley Williams, Florin Salajan

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Evaluating the Impact of Distance Learning Support Systems on the Learning Experience of MBA Students in a Global Context  pp51‑62

Yongmei Bentley, Anjali Shegunshi, Mike Scannell

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The VLE as a Trojan Mouse: Policy, Politics and Pragmatism  pp63‑72

Mark Brown, Shelley Paewai, Gordon Suddaby

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Exploring the Current Theoretical Background About Adoption Until Institutionalization of Online Education in Universities: Needs for Further Research  pp73‑84

Ines Casanovas

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Interventions for Second‑Order Change in Higher Education: Challenges and Barriers  pp85‑92

Sebastian Fiedler, Terje Väljataga

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The Lecture is Dead Long Live the e‑Lecture  pp93‑100

Duncan Folley

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A Framework for Supporting Postsecondary Learners with Psychiatric Disabilities in Online Environments  pp101‑110

Scott Grabinger

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Elena has a psychiatric disability: bipolar (manicdepressive) disorder. Daniele suffers from depression. Both are serious cognitive disorders that have significant effects on learning, especially learning online. One of the problems students with psychiatric disabilities encounter is finding support in online environments, especially when 10, 50, 100, or even 6000 kilometers from the originating university. Students with disabilities represent a growing number of students in postsecondary education. As the opportunities for online education continue to grow exponentially, so does the number of students with cognitive disabilities, like Elena and Daniele. Unfortunately, this is often a forgotten group because of ignorance and fear in society. Taking online courses is an important option for all students. As we will see, at the same time an online course can be difficult for students with disabilities; it also has advantages. Access to online instruction needs to be made available to students with cognitive disabilities just as it is for students with learning, mobility, PTSD, and traumatic brain injury disorders. The fundamental question, then, of this paper is "what can be done to improve access, retention, and success for the 14% of postsecondary students with cognitive impairments taking online classes?" Targeting specific types of impairments are not an efficient option, given that even the same kinds of impairments often present themselves in different ways. Rather, this paper develops a conceptual framework around work done by the Center of Applied Special Technology in the application of recognition, strategic, and affective brain networks to improve instruction related to cognitive impairments including attention and memory, language, executive function, problem solving, and social interaction. Additionally, I recommend turning the locus of support for students with cognitive impairments 180°, addressing support for students at the instructional level instead of the institutional level, which usually takes the learner out of the classroom. This has the negative effect of making the students feel as if they are not part of the class, and it delays support until the disabilities office has time to help the learners. This just‑in‑time approach based on instructional strategies personalizes instruction, minimizes frustration, and encourages persistence„leading to better learning and success. [Caveat: Statistics and the nature of the problems here describe the situation in the United States of America and are not meant to make assumptions of the postsecondary situation in Western Europe.] 


Keywords: cognitive impairments online education, universal design for learning


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Enhancing the Impact of Formative Feedback on Student Learning Through an Online Feedback System  pp111‑122

Thanos Hatziapostolou, Iraklis Paraskakis

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Wiki Tools in the Preparation and Support of e‑Learning Courses  pp123‑132

Antonin Jancarik, Katerina Jancarikova

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Building the Future Students' Blended Learning Experiences from Current Research Findings  pp133‑140

Amanda Jefferies, Ruth Hyde

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Multiple Criteria Evaluation of Quality and Optimisation of e‑Learning System Components  pp141‑150

Eugenijus Kurilovas, Valentina Dagiene

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How do Students Measure Service Quality in e‑Learning? A Case Study Regarding an Internet‑based University  pp151‑160

María Martínez-Argüelles, José Castán

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Collaborative Language Learning for Professional Adults  pp161‑172

Linda Joy Mesh

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The Role of Essay Tests Assessment in e‑Learning: A Japanese Case Study  pp173‑178

Minoru Nakayama, Hiroh Yamamoto

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Experiences Obtained with Integration of Student Response Systems for iPod Touch and iPhone into e‑Learning Environments  pp179‑190

John Stav, Kjetil Nielsen, Gabrielle Hansen-Nygård, Trond Thorseth

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Emergence Of The Most Knowledgeable Other (MKO): Social Network Analysis Of Chat And Bulletin Board Conversations In A CSCL System  pp191‑208


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