The Electronic Journal of e-Learning provides perspectives on topics relevant to the study, implementation and management of e-Learning initiatives
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Journal Issue
Volume 9 Issue 1, ECEL 2010 special issue / Apr 2011  pp1‑114

Editor: Carlos Vaz de Carvalho

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An Automated Individual Feedback and Marking System: An Empirical Study  pp1‑14

Trevor Barker

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Semi‑Automatic Grading of Students’ Answers Written in Free Text  pp15‑22

Nuno Escudeiro, Paula Escudeiro, Augusto Cruz

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Enhanced Approach of Automatic Creation of Test Items to foster Modern Learning Setting  pp23‑38

Christian Gutl, Klaus Lankmayr, Joachim Weinhofer, Margit Hofler

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Methodology for Evaluating Quality and Reusability of Learning Objects  pp39‑51

Eugenijus Kurilovas, Virginija Bireniene, Silvija Serikoviene

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Fluidity in the Networked Society ‑ Self‑initiated learning as a Digital Literacy Competence  pp52‑62

Karin Tweddell Levinsen

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Discovering Student Web Usage Profiles Using Markov Chains  pp63‑74

Alice Marques, Orlando Belo

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Assessing Student Transitions in an Online Learning Environment  pp75‑86

Minoru Nakayama, Hiroh Yamamoto

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Science, Sport and Technology ‑ a Contribution to Educational Challenges  pp87‑97

Kelly O’Hara, Paula Reis, Dulce Esteves, Rui Brás, Luísa Branco

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From Soap Opera to Research Methods Teaching: Developing an Interactive Website/DVD to Teach Research in Health and Social Care  pp98‑104

Abigail Sabey, Sue Horrocks

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A Different Vision in eLearning: Metaphors  pp105‑114

Nazime Tuncay, Ioana Andreea Stanescu, Mustafa Tuncay

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Metaphors are figures of speech in which a word or phrase that denotes a certain object or idea is applied to another word or phrase to imply some similarity between them. Due to their ability to make speaking and writing more lively and interesting, metaphors have always been popular among students. While metaphors provide significant enhancement of contexts and build upon the sense of community, they can limit the boundaries of the communication between students and teachers. In order to carry out student oriented courses, teachers ought to consider the metaphors students use. In an effort to understand and fill in this communication gap, the authors of this paper have initiated a study that aimed to drive out the e‑education students’ metaphors in order to suggest a vision for future e‑courses. The authors have designed the “E‑Education Metaphor Analysis Survey” that comprised 35 items and captured data about e‑education students’ metaphors. The questionnaire was posted on and was distributed to e‑education students in two countries: Turkey and Cyprus. 352 students filled the questionnaire. The answers revealed that the metaphors students use are influenced by their way of life, their personal characteristics, their educational background and their feelings. Internet was the most common metaphor used for e‑education. A very interesting fact was that 47% of the students considered E‑Student to be equivalent to “rich students’ education” and that the term recalled them the metaphor “richness”. Although there were many research studies on common metaphors and their impact on e‑education, there were no studies in the literature about eLearning metaphors. This paper presents an innovative approach that focuses on 7 key research questions and represents a first step of a more detailed future project undertaken by the authors. 


Keywords: eLearning, metaphors, students, SurveyMonkey


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